Cervical Cancer

What is it?

It is cancer of the cervix which is the mouth of the womb.
It tend to invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts of the body.

Symptoms

1. Vaginal bleed.
2. Pelvic pain.
3. Pain during sexual intercourse.
4. Post sex bleeding.
5. Vaginal discharge.

Cause

It is due to infection with the human papilloma virus- HPV; more than 90% of the patient.
Smoking has also being link with Cervical cancer.

Types

1. Squamous cell carcinoma 90%
2. Adenocarcinoma 10%

Diagnosis

1. This is done mainly via biopsy.
2. Colposcopy

Prevention

1. Good sexual hygiene.
2. HPV Vaccine.
3. Use of condoms
4. Cervical screening via pap smear.
5. Nutrition; vitamins A, B, C and E.

Before treatment is started the cancer has to be stage.

Treatment

1. Surgery.
2. Chemotherapy.
3. Radiotherapy.

Prognosis

This depends on the staging of the cancer. It tell how severe is the cancer.

If you have any questions please let me know.

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Breast Cancer

The Breast

It is made up of connective tissue, fat and thousands of small glands called lobules that produce milk during lactation. The milk is delivered to the nipple through tinny tubes called ducts.

Symtoms of Breast Cancer

1. Lump in the breast.
2. Area of thickened breast tissue.
3. Change of size or shape of one or both breast.
4. Discharge from your nipple.
5. Lump or swelling in your armpit area.
6. Dimpling on the skin of the breast.
7. Rash on or around the nipple.
8. Nipple becoming sunken into breast.

Types of breast cancer

1. Invasive breast cancer
2. Non-invasive breast cancer
3. Paget’s disease of the breast.

Screening for breast cancer.

1. Mammography screening
2. Genetic testing for high risk patient.
3. Self examination.
4. Breast Ultra-sound.
5. Having a biopsy.

Breast Cancer Treatment

1. Radiotherapy
2. Chemotherapy
3. Surgery
4. Hormone therapy.

Prevention of breast cancer

1. Reduced intake of alcohol.
2. Weight reduction
3. Exercise regularly.
4. Reduced intake of saturated fat.

Living with cancer of the breast

Find a support network to help you.

1. Family and friends.
2. Talk with other people who was diagnosed and survived breast cancer.
3. Find out as much as possible about breast cancer.
4. Do not overexert yourself.
5. Make and find time for yourself.

If any questions please let me know.

How to stop smoking

A good way to stop smoking is to establishes short and long term plan to achieve this challenge.

The best tips to stop smoking:

1. You need to find your reason like anything in life why you want to stop. To be motivated to stop, you need powerful and personal reason to stop. Some reasons are having a stroke, heart attack and lung cancer.

2. Getting over nicotine addictions. In smokers the brain gets use to the nicotine and craves after it. In the absence of nicotine withdrawal occurs.

3. Consider nicotine replacement therapy. They are gums, patches and artificial cigarettes. These can double your chances of stoping.

4.You can ask your family doctor about medications to stop smoking.

5. Do not try to stop smoking alone. Tell your friends, family and work colleagues.

6.Find other ways to deal with stress. Some people smoke because of stress and nicotine relaxes them.

7. Avoid triggers which cause you to smoke like alcohol, coffee or tea.

8. Remove all the ashtrays and lighters one you stop smoking the last cigarette. Clean your house and wash all clothes smelling of cigarette smoke.

9. You may have relapses but keep trying and trying again until you succeed.

10. Exercise since physical activity reduces nicotine craving.

11. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.

12. Choose your reward that may be fun, from the money that you may have save from stop smoking.

13. Do it because it improves your health.

14. Keep a craving journal.

15. Manage your cravings by distracting yourself, reminding yourself why you quit, getting out of tempting situations and rewarding yourself.

16. Some people gain weight after stop smoking, so you need to manage your weight gain.

17. There is alternative therapy to help you stop smoking like meditation, behavioural therapy, motivational therapy and acupuncture can also help.

18. You can join online support groups.

19. You can join a stop smoking clinic.

20. The most important thing is take it one day at a time and not the end but the process in stopping.

All the best in working towards stop smoking and a better health.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the leading cancer in the world. In the UK about 48,000 women get breast cancer each year.
Causes of breast cancer:
1. Age
2. Family history
3. Previous diagnosis of breast cancer
4. Previous benign breast lump
5. Breast density
6. Exposure to oestrogen
7. Being overweight
8. Being tall
9. Alcohol
10. Radiation
11. Hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms of breast cancer are:
1. A lump or an area of thickened tissue in either breast
2. A change in the size or shape of one or both breast
3. Discharge from nipples
4. A lump or swelling in either armpits once there is no infection in your upper limbs
5. Dimpling on the skin of your breast
6. A rash on or around your nipple
7. Change in the appearance of your nipple, such as becoming sunken into your breast
8. Pain in either of your breast or armpits not related to your periods.

The types of breast cancers are invasive and non-invasive.
There is also Paget’s disease of the breast.

Breast screening
High risk persons should be offered screening and genetic testing.
Age between 50-70 should be screen every three years.

Treatment of breast cancer
Breast cancer is treated with a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Some breast cancers may be treated using biological or hormone treatment.

Herbal treatment of breast cancer
1. Astragalus
2. Berbers family
3. Curcumin
4. Echinacea
5. Milk thistle
6. Weatgrass

Update on working on a flat abdomen.

Good day everyone, it has being a great week for me, less stress at work and I have being able to get in my exercise regular.
Also my food intake especially at night after coming home from work has significantly improve.
Feeling much better and healthier.
Looking forward still for anyone to join me on this journey.
Bye for now.

Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes

Exercise is important and good for everyone, especially if you have type 2 diabetes. It’s one of the best things that someone can do for their weight and blood sugar levels, along with eating a good diet and taking any medicine that your doctor prescribes. These benefits include:

1. It helps your body use insulin, which controls your blood sugar
2. Burns extra body fat
3. Builds muscle strength
4. Strengthens bones
5. Lowers blood pressure
6. Reduce your LDL (“bad”) cholesterol
7. Increase your HDL (“good”) cholesterol
8. Improves your blood circulation
9. Makes heart disease and stroke less likely
10. Boosts energy
11. Reduce stress and helps you relax

How Does Exercise Affect Blood Sugar levels?

When you exercise, your body needs extra energy from glucose sources.

For short bursts of activity, such as a quick sprint to catch the bus, your muscles and liver release glucose for fuel.

If you’re doing moderate exercise for a longer time, your muscles take up glucose at up to 20 times the normal rate. This helps lower your blood sugar levels.

If you’re doing intense exercise, your blood sugar level may rise, temporarily, after you stop.

11 Tips for Getting Started

1.Choose an activity you enjoy. Anything that raises your heart rate and keeps it up while you’re working out will improve your aerobic fitness. That helps you better manage your blood sugar levels.

2.Talk with your doctors. Let them know what you want to do. They can make sure that you’re ready for it. They’ll also check to see if you need to change your meals, insulin, or diabetes medicines. Your doctor can also let you know if it matters when you exercise.

3.Check your blood sugar. Ask your doctor if you should check your blood sugar before exercise. If you’re going to work out for more than an hour, check your blood sugar levels regularly during your workout, so you’ll know if you need a snack. Check your blood sugar after every workout, so that you can adjust if needed.

4.Carry carbs. Always keep a small carbohydrate snack, like fruit or a fruit drink, on hand in case your blood sugar gets low.

5.Ease into it. If you’re not active now, start with 10 minutes of exercise at a time, and gradually work up to 30 minutes a day.

6.Strength train at least twice a week. Strength training can improve blood sugar control.

7.Make it a habit. Exercise, eat, and take your medicines at the same time each day to prevent hypoglycaemia.

8.Go public. If possible, exercise with someone who knows you have diabetes and knows what to do if your blood sugar gets too low. Plus, it’s more fun to work out with someone else; it can help you stick with it. Also, wear a medical identification tag, or carry a card that states that you have diabetes, just in case.

9.Be good to your feet. Wear good shoes, and practice proper foot care.

10.Hydrate. Drink water before, during, and after exercise to prevent dehydration.
11.Stop if you have any unexpected pain. Mild muscle soreness is normal. Sudden pain isn’t.