Clinical trials on people with type 2 diabetes show that fenugreek has the valuable property of lowering he rate at which sugar is absorbed from the stomach during the process of digestion; it also is capable of stimulating the pancreatic cells to increase insulin production. Both of these actions are believed to be a result of the action by the amino acid present in fenugreek called 4-hydroxyisoleucine.
Many studies have found that karela extracts have the ability to reduce the activity of the alpha glucosidase enzyme and this helps to reduce the hyperglycaemia that typically follows a meal. This insulin-like action is believed to be due to a substance called polypeptide-P. Bitter melon has also been found to contain a phytonutrient called charantin that allows the glucose from the blood to be moved into the muscles, adipose (fat) tissue and liver, lowering blood glucose levels in diabetics
Modern research shows that cinnamon not only helps regulate blood sugar, but it also reduces inflammation. Diabetes is one of several common diseases associated with inflammation.
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is a potent fat-soluble antioxidant that has proven useful in reducing oxidative stress, lowering fasting blood sugar levels, and decreasing insulin resistance in people with type 2 diabetes.
5. Green Tea
It help improve insulin resistance in diabetics. Beneficial effects are likely due to a potent antioxidant, EGCG, which reduces diabetes-associated oxidative stress, among other actions.
Chromium is an essential trace element necessary for proper carbohydrate metabolism. People who are deficient in this mineral may benefit from supplementation. Diabetics or people with insulin resistance, who also have high levels of HbA1C (also known as glycosylated haemoglobin; a blood marker for blood sugar control) may benefit the most.
Studies done also shows that supplemental magnesium may improve insulin sensitivity in diabetics. Many poorly-controlled diabetic patients are deficient in magnesium and could benefit by correcting this imbalance.
8. Black Seed
9. Fig Leaves
Fig leaves are best known for treating diabetes
10. Grape seed Extract
Research has shown that grape seed was successful in protecting the liver cells and setting up defence mechanisms against reactive oxygen species produced by hyperglycaemic conditions.
11. Olive Oil
By olive oil reducing the cholesterol levels, you can prevent such diseases as cardiovascular, atherosclerosis and diabetes. Prevention of diabetes begins with weight management and proper diet. The Mediterranean diet has been shown beneficial in the treatment of diabetes by using olive oil, which is monounsaturated instead of saturated fats.
12. Vitamin C
Studies have found that using from 100-600mg of vitamin C daily can cause you to normalize your sugar levels, in as little as one month. Diabetics have a complication of too much sugar, sorbitol, in the body, which eventually leads to eye and nerve damage.
Researchers have found that ginseng slows carbohydrate absorption; increases cells’ ability to use glucose; and increases insulin secretion from the pancreas.
This relative of the blueberry contains powerful antioxidants in its fruit and leaves. These antioxidants, called anthocyanidins, seem to help prevent damage to tiny blood vessels that can result in nerve pain and retinopathy (damage to the eye’s retina).
15. Gamma-Linolenic Acid
Gamma-linolenic acid, or GLA, is a fatty acid found in evening primrose oil. Some research suggests that people with diabetes have lower than optimal levels of GLA, and studies have found that the supplement can reduce and prevent nerve pain associated with diabetes.